Recommend on food to eat and avoid during flare and when strictures are present;


Vegetables Vegetables that are easier to digest (e.g., asparagus, potatoes)

Cooked, pureed or peeled vegetables

Vegetables stock added to rice or pasta for additional nutrients
Vegetables that are gas-producing(e.g., broccoli, Brussels sprouts)

Vegetables that have a tough skin

Dried peas, beans, and lentils
Grains Grains that are more refined with less insoluble fiber

Oatmeal, potato, sourdough and French breads
Grains with seeds and nuts

Fruits Fruits that are easier to digest and insoluble fiber (e.g., applesauce, melons, honey dew melons, ripe banana)

Strained fruit juice, citrus sections without membrane

Cooked, pureed, canned or peeled fruits
Fruits with a high fiber content (e.g., oranges, dried fruits)

Unstrained fruit juice, canned pineapple, fresh and frozen berries

Prunes(fresh or stewed )
Protein Lean sources of protein(e.g., fish, chicken, eggs, tender, lean, lamb, liver)

Smooth nut butters(peanut, almond, cashew)
Whole seeds and nuts

Fatty, fried or highly processed meats

Fried meats, sausage, spicy cold cut, frankfurters, cheese products, fried eggs, dried
Milk Fat free, reduced fat, whole milk, buttermilk, yogurt without restricted fruit and nuts If you intolerance to lactose you may need to limit dairy to small with meals and/or use lactose reduced products
Fats Margarine, oils, butter, cream, shortening, sour cream, mayonnaise, cream cheese Do not consume excess amounts, especially saturated fat, for overall health
Soups Bouillon, broth, or creamed soups made with allowed vegetables, noodles, rice, or refined flour Highly seasoned soups, beans soups
Sweets & desserts Hard candy, jelly, honey, syrup, refined, cakes, pies, doughnuts, cookies, pudding, sherbet, custard, ice cream, chocolateThose made with nuts, coconut, seeds, skins, jams, marmalades and preserves, fried pastries (no doughnuts)
Beverages Tea, coffee, decaffeinated coffee, carbonated beverages, fruit beveragesAlcohol

*This is sample list. Your individual needs may be different. 

During a flare-up of symptoms, a low-fiber diet may be helpful in reducing material in the colon, and thereby reducing symptoms. Whole grain breads, cereals, and pastas.

Whole Grain




Foods that contain lots of fiber tend to be difficult for people with UC to digest. Whole grain flour is high in fiber because it hasn’t had the germ or bran removed.




You should avoid eating food made from any whole grain flour, such as:

  • Breads
  • Cereals
  • Pastas
  • Noodles
  • Macaroni

During flare-ups, choose white breads and pastas made from enriched white flour. Flour is “enriched” when nutrients lost during the germ and bran removal process are replaced. Cereals like puffed rice, corn flakes, and cream of wheat are also low in fiber.

You should avoid the following whole grain foods:

  • Brown rice
  • Quinoa
  • Buckwheat
  • Oats
  • Wild rice
  • Plain barley
  • Millet
  • Wheat-berries
  • Bulgur wheat
  • spelt

A better option for those with UC is well-cooked white rice.


Nuts, including those cooked into other foods or made into flours, should be on your do-not-eat list if you have UC. The fiber in them is very hard to digest.

It’s best to avoid the following nuts:

  • Walnuts
  • Hazelnuts
  • Pecans
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Pistachios



Like nuts, seeds can also aggravate symptoms. Seeds are a type of insoluble fiber, which can cause bloating, diarrhea, gas, and other irritating side effects.

Some seeds to avoid include:

  • Sesame seeds
  • Flax seeds
  • Millet
  • Pine nuts
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Wild rice


Fibrous Vegetables

Like fruits, vegetables are also full of fiber. Include them in your diet only if they are:

  • Skinned or peeled
  • have no seeds
  • are cooked until soft


Avoid all raw or undercooked vegetables, including corn. It’s fine to consume canned vegetables and potatoes, as long as the skin has been discarded. Try pureed vegetable soups for an easy way to digest vegetables. Vegetables provide many important nutrients and it’s important to incorporate them in your diet.




A proper diet means two things:

  • Eating nutritious meals composed of foods that are easy to digest and may even soothe the bowels.
  • Avoiding foods that irritate or otherwise aggravate your symptoms.

It sounds easy. But in practice, knowing which foods to choose and which to avoid can be tricky. Certain items frequently show up on lists of IBD offenders, including:

  • Seeds
  • Popcorn
  • Foods containing caffeine
  • Acidic foods


    Watch out for items that can be troublemakers if you have UC, including:

  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Carbonated drinks
  • Dairy products, if you’re lactose intolerant
  • Dried beans, peas, and legumes
  • Dried fruits
  • Foods that have sulfur or sulfate
  • Foods high in fiber
  • Meat
  • Nuts and crunchy nut butters
  • Popcorn
  • Products that have sorbitol (sugar-free gum and candies)
  • Raw fruits and vegetables
  • Refined sugar
  • Seeds
  • Spicy foods

Top 9 categories Ayurveda diet plan 

CategoriesRecommended Uc DietAvoided Uc Diet
VegetablesCauliflower, potato, pumpkin, carrot, gourdCapsicum, cabbage, methi, raddish, okara, raw salads
Grains Boiled rice, wheat flour, roasted bread, corn flour, black gram flourPopcorn
Fruits Banana, papaya, apple, chikkoo, watermelonGrapes, mango, guava
Nuts Almonds(socked/peeled),dried raisin Cashew nut, walnut, ground nut, chilgoza
Non-Veg Boiled eggs 1-2/week, roasted chicken Fish, meat
Drink Filtered/ boiled water, tea with little milk, orange juice, pomegranate juice, lemon water, Alcohol, coffee, milk shake, soft drinks, cold drinks
Sauces Mint chutney, coconut chutney Green chilies, vinegar, tomato ketchup, all type of pickles
Milk Products Curd, paneer, buttermilk Milk
Oils Pure ghee, refined oil, coconut oil, butterMustard oil

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